Glossary of Terms
AGENT: The relationship existing between two parties by which one is authorized to transact certain business for the other.
AIR WAYBILL (MASTER): A document made out by or on behalf of the shipper, which evidences the contract between the shipper and airline(s).
CARGO: Also referred to as "goods", means any property carried or to be carried on an aircraft, other than mail or other property carried under terms of an international postal convention, baggage or property of the carrier; provided that baggage moving under an air waybill or a shipment record is cargo.
CARGO DECLARATION: Information submitted prior to or on arrival for departure of a means of transport for commercial us that proved the particulars required by Customs relating to cargo brought to or removed from the customs territory.
CARRIER: The transportation carrier issuing the airwaybill and creating the shipment record and all other carriers that carry of undertake to carry the cargo under the airwaybill or shipment record or to perform any other services related to such air carriage.
CARGO MANIFEST: A listing of the goods comprising the cargo (freight) carried in a means of transport or in a transport-unit. The Cargo manifest which gives the commercial particulars of the goods, such as transport document numbers, consignors, consignees, marks and numbers, number and kind of packages, descriptions and quantities of the goods, may be used in place of the Cargo declaration.
CERTIFICATE OR ORIGIN: A document often required by certain countries which establishes the country of origin of specified goods.
CONSIGNEE: The person whose name appears on the air waybill or in the shipment record as the party to whom the cargo is to be delivered by the airline or its agent.
CONSIGNMENT: Is equivalent to the term “shipment”, means one or more pieces of goods accepted by the airline from one shipper at one time and at one address, receipted for in one lot, and moving on one air waybill or one shipment record to one consignee at one destination address.
CONSIGNOR: Shipper in case of direct booking with Carrier or his agent.
DANGEROUS GOODS (DG): Articles or substances which are capable of posing a significant risk to health, safety or to property when transported by air.
DESCRIPTION OF GOODS: Plain language description of the nature of the goods sufficient to identify them at the level required for banking, customs, statistical or transport purposes.
DESTINATION: The ultimate stopping place according to the contract of carriage.
DOCUMENTATION: The required paperwork accompanying a shipment such as airwaybill, Export Declaration, Health Certificates.
EXPORT PERMIT: A government document authorizing the export of specific goods to designated countries.
FIATA: International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations, or FIATA, is a non-governmental organisation representing an industry that includes approximately 40,000 forwarding and logistics firms employing around 8 - 10 million people in 150 countries. It is recognised as representing the freight forwarding industry by many other governmental organisations, governmental authorities, private international organisations in the field of transport such as the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the International Union of Railways (UIC), the International Road Transport Union (IRU), the World Customs Organization (WCO), the World Trade Organization (WTO), etc.
FLIGHT NUMBER: The designation of a flight.
FORWARDER: The party arranging the carriage of goods including connected services and/or associated formalities on behalf of a shipper or consignee. (MacAndrews Shipping Dictionary)
GENERAL SALES AGENT (GSA): An agent authorized in a country to handle an airline's export sales/services.
GOODS DECLARATION: A statement made in the manner prescribed by the Customs by whichperson concerned indicate the Customs procedure to be applied to the goods and finish the particulars which the Customs require for its application.
GROSS WEIGHT: The weight of a shipment, it's container and packing material.
HOUSE MANIFEST: would contain similar information as a CARGO MANIFEST. For the purpose of the House Manifest this would list information for the house waybills associated with the forwarders consolidation. Depending on geographic locations, parties may use these terms as equivalents.
HOUSE WAYBILL: The document made out by an agent/consolidator that evidences the contract between the shipper and the agent/consolidator for the arrangement of carriage of goods.
IATA CARGO AGENT: A forwarder/broker who has been approved and is recognized by IATA to receive cargo, issue airwaybills and other documents for carriers and collect charges for air shipments.
IATA CARRIER: A carrier that is a member of the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
IMPORT PERMIT: A document required and issued by some national governments authorizing the importation of goods into their country.
INTRA-CUSTOMS REGIME MOVEMENT: means the transportation of a consignment (as defined herein) where the acceptance address and the destination address are in different countries but the countries and the movement between them are within the same Customs territory or regime, e.g. intra EU.
INVOICE: Document required by the Customs in an importing country in which an exporter states the Invoice or other price (e.g. selling price, price of identical goods), and specifies costs for freight, insurance and packing, etc., terms of delivery and payment, for the purpose of determining the Customs value in the importing country of goods consigned to that country.
PACKING LIST: Document specifying the distribution of goods in individual packages
SHIPMENT (SHPT): One or more pieces of goods accepted by the carrier from one shipper at one time and at one address, receipted for in one lot and moving on one airwaybill or shipment record to one consignee at one destination address.
SHIPPER (SHPR): The person who originates the shipment of goods. Also known as the "consignor".
SHIPPER'S DECLARATION (FOR DANGEROUS GOODS): To ship dangerous goods, consignors are required to prepare a form certifying that the cargo has been packed, labeled and declared according with the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR).
In accordance with Regulation 7 of the Dangerous Goods (Consignment by Air) (Safety) Regulations Chapter 384 Subsidiary Legislation. Only person who has completed appropriate dangerous goods training within the past 24 months can sign the "Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods". Any untrained person signing that declaration is liable to a maximum fine of $25,000 and 6 month's imprisonment.
A properly trained freight forwarder or a qualified person acting on behalf of shipper can sign the "Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods" if they have undertaken shipper's responsibilities as required by the Technical Instructions. (Hong Kong Civil Aviation Department)
SHIPPER'S LETTER OF INSTRUCTION (SLI): The document containing instructions by the shipper or shipper's agent for preparing documents and forwarding.
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: Directions for handling a shipment and/or delivery directions for a shipment.
TARIFF: The published rates, charges and related rules of a carrier.
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS: Technical Instructions" refers to the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods By Air" published by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO). It contains detailed requirements applicable to the international civil transport of dangerous goods by air. You are required by the Dangerous Goods (Consignment by Air) (Safety) Regulations Chapter 384 Subsidiary Legislation to ensure your dangerous goods comply in every respect with the requirements specified in the current edition of Technical Instructions. (Hong Kong Civil Aviation Department)
THE AIR CARGO TARIFF (TACT): Rules regulations and rates published for international air shipments.
THIRD PARTY: Any person who acts on behalf of another person.
TRANSFERRING CARRIER: The participating carrier transferring the consignment to another carrier at a transit point.
TRANSSHIPMENT: The unloading of cargo from one flight and loading onto another for onward carriage.
TRANSIT: An enroute stopping place where cargo remains on board.
TRANSIT CARGO: Cargo arriving at a point and departing by another flight.
UNIT LOAD DEVICE (ULD): A container or pallet used to transport cargo on an aircraft. Valuable Cargo VAL Shipments of high value requiring advance arrangement and special handling.